Spanish Nouns

Nouns in Spanish

A noun is a word which refers to any names of a person, place, thing or an idea. In Spanish all nouns are either masculine or feminine.

For Example:

El chico- the boy.

La chica- the girl.

El hombre- the man.

La mujer- the woman.

El libro- the book.

La revista- the magazine.

To identify gender of nouns in Spanish:

Generally nouns ending with -o, -r, -z or -e are masculine.

For example:

El libro- the book

El hombre- the man

El doctor- the doctor

El lápiz- the pencil

Usually nouns end with -a, -ión, -dad, -tud, -umbre are feminine nouns. 

For example:

La hija- the daughter.

La guitarra- the guitar.

La sociedad – the society.

La verdad- the truth.

La nación- the nation.

La canción- the song.

La televisión- the television.

La gratitud- the gratitude, thankfulness.

La costumbre- the custom.

Many nouns form the feminine by changing the final -o of the masculine to -a, vice-versa. 

For example:

El señor- sir, mr.

La señora- ma’am, ms. (unmarried female), mrs. (married female)

El maestro, la maestra- the teacher.

El profesor, la profesora- the professor.

Some of nouns exist same for both masculine and feminine, only gender can be differentiate by using the article. (el, la, un, una, los, las, unos & unas)

For example:

El atleta- the male athlete.

La atleta- the female athlete.

El artista- the male artist.

La artista- the female artist.

Los estudiantes- the male students.

Las estudiantes- the female students.

un pianista- a male pianist.

una pianista- a female pianist.

Exceptional nouns:.

For example:

La calle- the street.

El idioma- the language.

La fiebre- the fever.

La radio- the radio.

La mano- the hand.

La moto- the motercycle.

La llave- the key.

La gente- the people.

El día- the day.

El paneta- the planate.

El problema- the problem

El tema- the topic, subject.

El programa- the program.

El sistema- the system.

El mapa- the map.

El sofá- the sofa.

La frase- the sentence.

La piel- the skin.

La flor- the flower.

La clase- the class.

If the words are ending with an unaccented vowel then just add -s and if the words are ending in a consonant or an accented vowel then add -es to make plural noun.

For example:

El libro (the book) – los libros (the books)

El bambú (the bamboo) – los bambúes (the bamboos)

El papel (the paper) – los papeles (the papers)

El mes (the month)- los meses (the months)

Words ending with -z change z to c then add -es to make plural noun.

For example:

El lápiz (the pencil) – los lápices (the pencils)

La cruz (the cross) – las cruces (the crosses)

Words of more than one syllable end with -s remain unchanged, unless or until last syllable is stressed. 

For example:

El lunes (monday) – los lunes (mondays)

El paraguas ( umbrella) – los paraguas (umbrellas)

El inglés (englishman) – los ingleses ( englishmen)

El francés (Frenchman) – los franceses (frenchmen)

When nouns of relationship and rank used in the form of masculine plural, then it has two meanings.

For example:

Los chicos – boys, the boy and girl.

Los padres – fathers, parents.

Los reyes – kings, the king and queen.

Los señores – Mr. and Mrs.

Los hermanos – brothers, the brother and sister.

Abstract nouns made by placing -lo before an adjective are basically neuter in gender and that does not have plural form.

For example:

Lo bueno – the good.

Lo malo – the bad.











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