Ordinal Numbers

Ordinal Numbers in Spanish

Ordinal numbers are those numbers which are used to express the order of the noun such as ‘first’, ‘second’, etc.

The ordinal numbers are adjectives which have to agree with their noun and gender.

For example ( por ejemplo ):

El segundo lugar, la segunda ventana, los segundos niños, las segundas niñas

The most commonly forms are used one to ten.

Ordinal Numbers:-

  • 1st- primero ( -a, os, as )
  • 2nd- segundo
  • 3rd- tercero
  • 4th- cuarto
  • 5th- quinto
  • 6th- sexto
  • 7th- séptimo
  • 8th- octavo
  • 9th- noveno
  • 10th- décimo

Here are rest examples of ordinal numbers.

  • 11th- undécimo
  • 12th- duodécimo
  • 13th- décimo tercero
  • 14th- décimo cuarto
  • 15th- décimo quinto
  • 16th- décimo sexto
  • 17th- décimo séptimo
  • 18th- décimo octavo
  • 19th- décimo noveno
  • 20th- vigésimo
  • 21th- vigésimo primero
  • 22nd- vigésimo segundo
  • 23rd- vigésimo tercero
  • 24th- vigésimo cuarto
  • 25th- vigésimo quinto
  • 30th- trigésimo
  • 31st- trigésimo primero
  • 32nd- trigésimo segundo
  • 40th- cuadragésimo
  • 41st- cuadragésimo primero
  • 50th- quincuagésimo
  • 51th- quincuagésimo primero
  • 60th- sexagésimo
  • 61th- sexagésimo primero
  • 70th- septuagésimo
  • 71th- septuagésimo primero
  • 80th- octagésimo
  • 81th- octagésimo primero
  • 90th- nonagésimo
  • 91th- nonagésimo primero
  • 100th- centésimo
  • 101th-  centésimo primero
  • 200th- ducentésimo
  • 300th- tricentésimo
  • 400th- cuadringentésimo
  • 500th- quingentésimo
  • 600th- sexcentésimo
  • 700th- septingentésimo
  • 800th- octingésimo
  • 900th- noningentésimo
  • 1,000th- milésimo
  • 2,000th- dosmilésimo
  • 3,000th- tresmilésimo
  • 1,000,000,000th- millonésimo

Note:-

Ordinal numbers can be abbreviated by using a figure and adding the last vowel of the word such as, 2o , 2a , etc. Primero & tercero drop the final- “o” , if placed before a masculine singular noun.

Ejemplo:

  • El primer hijo- the first son
  • La primera hija- the first daughter
  • El tercer libro- the third book

Exercise:

Translate the following phrases: 
  1. The second day.
  2. The first time.
  3. Fifth floor.
  4. The seventh book.
  5. This is my third house.
  6. The ninth days.
  7. The tenth times.
  8. This is your twelfth car.
  9. He is in eleventh class.
  10. Hundredth anniversary.

 

 

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